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  | Hospitals | Workhouses | Orphanages | Schools | Missions & Societies | More Institutions |

Hospitals

Mental Health History
Website classifying asylums and patients in the nineteenth century.  Includes information on the five basic groups of asylums such as Licensed Houses, County Asylums, Hospitals, Workhouse Asylums, Single Houses. Mental health dictionary helps to define previous descriptions such as lunatic or pauper lunatic and more.  See Asylum Index.  See also Mental Health History Time Line

The Northern General Hospital History Project
The Hospital began life over 120 years ago and has a fascinating history having started life as the Fir Vale Workhouse in the days prior to free medical care for all. The Workhouse also included the Smilter Lane and Herries Road Children's Homes.

Jessop's Hospital (by Chris Hobbs)
Hospital for Women, Leavygreave Road, Sheffield opened 29th June 1864 with just six beds as Sheffield Women's Hospital in Figtree Lane later became Jessop's and is located on the corner of Broad Lane and Upper Hanover Street.

Shrewsbury Hospital
Although founded in 1627, the establishment built by the Earl of Shrewsbury, opened in 1672. The building was rebuilt in 1823 on Norfolk Road and reopened in 1827.

Rotherham Workhouse Hospital
Rotherham’s workhouse was opened in one of the most healthiest and picturesque areas of the town on the 31st July 1840, at a cost of £232,3s,3d. After the Poor Law Commissioners visited the workhouse on the 15th March 1848 they recommended some accommodation for the sick. The board of guardians (the workhouse committee) called a special meeting the following day, all agreeing that an infirmary would be essential for the health of the paupers.

Rotherham Workhouse Hospital
Over the years (1838 - 1948) the Workhouse has had a number of names including Alma Road Institution, The Mount, The General and Municipal Hospital and Moorgate Hospital.

National Archives, Hospitals
The national archives Hospital database provides information on the existence and location of the records of UK hospitals. There are currently over 2,800 entries, which have been compiled by the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine. These can be found by searching the database.

National Health Services NHS (1948)
The history and establishment of the National Health Services (free health care).

Sheffield Hospitals History Group
Preserving the history of Sheffield's former and present Hospitals.

Sheffield Institutions
Online searchable database for Sheffield Schools including; Ecclesfield Workhouse, Ecclesfield Workhouse, Children's Home Hospital, Fir Vale Workhouse, Smilter Lane - Children's Home, The Beeches, Barnsley Road - Children's Home.


Workhouses         << Back to Top >>


Workhouses
State-provided poor relief is often dated from the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1601 when the passing of an Act for the Relief of the Poor made parishes legally responsible for looking after their own poor.  See also Social Sciences & Poor Law 1834.

Sheffield Workhouses
Information on Sheffield Workhouses up to and after 1834 including staff and inmates as researched by Peter Higginbotham.

Nether Edge Union Workhouse
Built in 1902.  In 1914 the term Workhouse was abandoned in favour of Institution and in 1925 Ecclesall Bierlow Union and the Sheffield Union (covering the rest of Sheffield) amalgamated. In 1927 the building became the Nether Edge Grammar School. The transition to Abbeydale Grammar School for Boys occurred in 1958.

Yorkshire Workhouses
Another website with information on Yorkshire Workhouses by Rossbret.

Rossbret Workhouses
Information on England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland Workhouse Life, Unmarried Mothers, Inmate Removals, Imbeciles, Drunkards, Children and Casual Wards.

Institutions
Details on the different Institutions and how they operated as well as the Poor Law. If you haven't visited this site before, it will be useful to you.  Includes information on: Almshouses, Architecture, Asylums, Counties, Dispensary, Hospitals, Occupations Orphanages, National Health Service, Pictures, Poor Law Unions, The Poor Law, Prisons, Reformatory, Workhouses, Special Schools and Medicine Through Time.  See also Workhouse Life.

Sheffield Institutions
Online searchable database for Sheffield Schools including; Ecclesfield Workhouse, Ecclesfield Workhouse, Children's Home Hospital, Fir Vale Workhouse, Smilter Lane - Children's Home, The Beeches, Barnsley Road - Children's Home.

BMD Certificate Index           << NEW
If you have a lot of Birth, Marriage or Death Certificates and are wondering what to do with them, why not index them where they can be seen by your potential Rellies.


Orphanages         << Back to Top >>

Sheffield Cottage Houses (Orphanages)
Cottage houses, or 'scattered homes' system provided care for groups of children by foster parents in ordinary residential houses rented for the purpose and dotted throughout the city.

Cottage Homes, Scattered Homes & Boarding Out
Information on the lives of children in England since 1840 including; children and education in the workhouse, training ships, early schools and more as researched by Peter Higginbotham.  See Fulwood Cottage Homes of Bole Hill Lane.

Children in Care 1881 - 1918
Hidden Lives Revealed focuses on the period 1881-1918, and includes unique archive material about poor and disadvantaged children cared for by The Waifs and Strays' Society. The Society cared for children across England and Wales - in both the densest urban conurbations and some of the smallest rural villages. The Waifs and Strays' Society looked after about 22,500 children between its foundation in 1881 and the end of World War One. The Waifs and Strays' Society became the Church of England Children's Society in 1946 and is now known as The Children's Society.

Sheffield Institutions
Online searchable database for Sheffield Schools including; Ecclesfield Workhouse, Ecclesfield Workhouse, Children's Home Hospital, Fir Vale Workhouse, Smilter Lane - Children's Home, The Beeches, Barnsley Road - Children's Home.

The Teachers' Orphanage & New Orphan Homes
In 1887 Firs Hill Orphanage, Sheffield was situated on the road where Firs Hill School stands now – hence the name Orphanage Rd...

Adoption, Search & Reunion           
This website provides information for adopted people, birth relatives and also adoptive parents in England and Wales. It also provides information for agencies, professionals and volunteers who provide services for adopted people and their birth and adoptive relatives. The information available on this website applies to adoptions that were made before the 30th December 2005.  See also the GRO Adoptions information page.

Children's Homes           
The Children's Homes website aims to provide information on all the many and varied institutions that became home for thousands of children and young people in Britain. These establishments range from orphanages, homes for those in poverty, or with special needs, through to reformatories, industrial and approved schools, training ships, and hostels. As well as details of each home's location, history etc. the site includes hundreds of historic images of the buildings and their inmates.

 

Missions & Societies         << Back to Top >>

Quaker Family History Society
The Quaker Family History Society was formed in 1993 and is a member of the Federation of Family History Societies. Their aim is to encourage and assist anyone interested in tracing the history of Quaker families in Britain and Ireland. They are based in Britain and its members include; Family historians with Quaker ancestors, Friends with an interest in history, including that of their local meeting and those who wish to learn about their British Quaker ancestors. See also Wikipedia's Quakers ~ Religious Society of Friends page and BBC's Quakers Page.

Salvation Army
In 1865, William Booth founded an Evangelical Christian movement in the East End of London. Originally known as the Christian Revival Association, it was renamed in 1870 to become the East London Christian Mission, subsequently shortened to the Christian Mission. The group was reorganised and renamed in 1878 to become the Salvation Army — affectionately known as the "Sally Ann".

The Children's Society
The Children's Society opened its first residential nursery for babies and young children after the First World War. By the late 1950s a further 33 residential nurseries had been set up. The Children's Society was at the forefront in this area: the nurseries were run by professional nursery nurses, and many became nationally recognised centres for teaching and practice. The huge challenges posed by the Second World War were met by The Children's Society undertaking an extensive programme to provide temporary homes for evacuees or children made homeless as a result of the hostilities. 6788 children were housed in 127 war nurseries.

Temperance Movements
Two main periods are to be distinguished. The first, which began in 1830, was fairly general, but substantially affected only the British Isles and the Germanic countries. The second began in 1850; after a decade it extended to Scandinavia, and after thirty years to Germany. It was, however, only at the close of the century that it attained its great importance, by gradually obtaining a footing in all civilized countries.

Freemasons of Yorkshire West Riding
Freemasonry under the United Grand Lodge of England is divided into 47 Provinces throughout England and Wales. In the Province of Yorkshire, West Riding there are 209 Lodges, 82 Chapters and nearly 8,000 members in an area that stretches from Ripon in the North to Sheffield in the South and Bentham in the West to Goole in the East.  Yorkshire, West Riding is the second oldest Province in Freemasonry and has retained its name from the reorganisation of the English Counties under the Boundary Commission of 1974. Under the present County system this area now covers West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and parts of North Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire.  See also North Yorkshire Masonry History.  See also the United Grand Lodge of England

Library & Museum of FreeMasonry
Family History Information about individual members is based on Annual Returns of members compiled by individual lodges and sent to Grand Lodge. The earliest such Returns date from about 1768. These were used to create registers of members grouped by their membership of a lodge. There is no complete alphabetical index of members. Membership Registers cannot be made available to individuals to conduct their own researches due to the conservation needs of the records although Membership Registers from 1768 to 1886 are available in digital format for public use at the Library and Museum (London). There are some lists of members for periods from 1723 found in the minute books of Grand Lodge. These are transcribed and indexed.

Quaker Organisations
Throughout their history, Quakers have founded organisations for many causes they felt are in keeping with their faith. Within the last century there have been some 100 organisations founded by either individual Friends, groups of Friends or Friends working with others. Amongst others: Amnesty International, Greenpeace, OXFAM, Peace Action, WILPF. There are many schools and other organisations around the world founded by Friends. See also Wikipedia's Quakers ~ Religious Society of Friends page and BBC's Quakers Page.

 

Schools         << Back to Top >>

Sheffield Indexers, School Admission Registers    << MORE
Online searchable database for Sheffield Schools including; All Saints School, Pitsmoor, Beighton School in Beighton (DBY), Bole Hill School, Bole Hill Rd, Walkley, Crookesmoor Infants School, Crookesmoor Road  and Lancasterian Special School, Sheffield and many more!

Sheffield Schools 1919/20 - Council Schools
List of Sheffield Council Schools (thank you Hugh!)

Sheffield Schools 1919/20 - 'Non Provided' (religious etc) Schools
List of Sheffield Non Provided Schools (thank you Hugh!)

Sheffield School Records
Sheffield City Council's list of all schools that have websites. This list may not be current as they rely on schools letting them know when they have put up a new site. See also list of schools in Yorkshire and Humber and list of current list of schools in Sheffield.

Schools Web Directory - Sheffield
UK Schools & Colleges Database, Search by Local Education Authority, now contains contact details for more than 32,000 institutions including over 17,000 Websites.

DirectGovUk - Schools in Sheffield
Find information about current schools, childcare and nurseries. Information also available for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Education in Sheffield
List of schools in Sheffield by Wikipedia.

Cyndi's List of Schools UK & Ireland
Links to genealogical and historical information and searchable databases for the UK and Ireland.

Rossbret Reformatories
A Reformatory School was an Institution for the Industrial training of Juvenile Offenders. This Page links to Reformatories and Industrial Schools within the United Kingdom.

Industrial & Reformatory Schools in the UK

Alphabetical list of Industrial/Reformatory Schools & the like in England and Wales during the 19th and early 20th century by Mary Wall. See also their home page for further information on extracts of the 1888 Industrial Schools Act - Brief description of Truant Schools, Day Industrial Schools & Auxiliary Homes and more!

Blue Coat Schools, Sheffield
The Boys' Charity School (founded 1706), the Girls' Charity School (1786).  See also information on Charity Schools.

History of Ragged Schools in Britain
In 1818 John Pounds began teaching poor children without charging fees. Thomas Guthrie helped to promote his idea of free schooling for working class children. Guthrie started a ragged school in Edinburgh and Sheriff Watson established another in Aberdeen. Lord Shaftesbury formed the Ragged School Union in 1844 and over the next eight years over 200 free schools for poor children were established in Britain.

Friends Schools
LSF has 2 card-indexes of some 250 privately-run Quaker schools in Great Britain and Ireland which advertised in The Irish Friend 1837-1842, The Friend 1843-1890, and The British Friend 1843-1875. These are arranged alphabetically by city, town or village and by proprietors' names, but don't include lists of pupils. There is also a geographically-arranged file, 'Quaker schools', which includes information on some 200 (mainly private) Quaker schools, drawn from prospectuses, memoirs and other sources.  The natural history journal, conducted by the societies in Friends' schools, Vols 1-22 (1877-1898) is also informative.  See also
Quaker Family History Society.

City Grammar School, Sheffield
Before being renamed as The City School, in 1969, the Stradbroke Road establishment had been (1964-1969) City Grammar School (CGS). CGS itself had previously occupied premises in Sheffield city centre where, until 1941, it had been the Sheffield Pupil Teacher Centre (SPTC). The original institution dates from the 1890s.

City Grammar School Photo Site, Sheffield
The unofficial Photo Web Site for all the former pupils of Sheffield's City Grammar School.

Ecclesfield Grammar School
The school opened its doors to pupils in September 1931 by Lady Mabel Smith who was Chairman of the School Governors from that date until her death in 1951.  The School served a wide area, including Ecclesfield, Chapeltown, Hoyland, Elsecar, High Green, Bradfield, Stannington, Grenoside, Oughtibridge and Wharncliffe Side, on the southern boundary of the West Riding between Sheffield and Barnsley.

Firth Park Grammar School
The possibility of using the spacious Brush house as a school was hailed with delight by the Sheffield Education Authority. They had problems with the new school which had been started in 1919 at Abbeyfield House, Pitsmoor. This was the first secondary school in Sheffield under the 1902 Act to be established outside the Sheffield city centre and was named Pitsmoor Secondary School. However, the building proved much too small and soon there were classes held in the school rooms of neighbouring churches: Burngreave Methodist & Burngreave Congregational. So, in March 1920 the mansion and a small plot of land at Brush House were transferred by the Corporation to the Education Committee (more). This was to supplement and, ultimately, to replace Abbeyfield House; (the rest of the estate to be used for council housing). The first pupils arrived at Brush House in 1920 and in 1921 the school was renamed Firth Park Secondary School. The name was changed to 'Firth Park Grammar School' in 1937.

Hallam University
Sheffield Hallam's history stretches back to the reign of Queen Victoria when, in 1843, Sheffield School of Design was founded.

Hillsborough School Centennial Booklet
One hundred years of historical information, photos and memories as transcribed by Tony Morton from the Centenary booklet of Hillsborough School dated 1884 to 1984. Special thanks to Andrew Platt (Head of Hillsborough School) and Lyn Howsam for the suggestion.

Intake School Centennial Booklet
One hundred years of historical information, photos and memories in the Centenary booklet of Intake School dated 1884 to 1984. Special thanks to the author Margaret Marriott and Maureen & Gerry Blakey for providing the information.

Neepsend School History
Historical information and photos from the Booklet by Paul Hodkinson 'History of Neepsend, for Neepsend/Hillfoot School' as provided by Peter Addison.

Nether Edge Grammar School
Built in 1902 originally as the Nether Edge Union Workhouse.  In 1914 the term Workhouse was abandoned in favour of Institution and in 1925 Ecclesall Bierlow Union and the Sheffield Union (covering the rest of Sheffield) amalgamated. In 1927 the building became the Nether Edge Grammar School. The transition to Abbeydale Grammar School for Boys occurred in 1958.  See also more information on Abbeydale.

Penistone Grammar School
Founded in 1392. Later, the school was situated in the town centre on a site opposite St. John the Baptist Church and across the road from the old Cloth Hall and moved again in 1892 from its town centre site to a position about a mile and a half north-west.

Rotherham Grammar School
The Thomas Rotherham College was formed in 1967 as an open access Sixth Form College for Rotherham's 16-19 year old student population.  The College was formerly Rotherham Grammar School founded in 1483 by Thomas de Rotherham, the Archbishop of York.

Sheffield Grammar School
Founded in 1604 as 'The Free Grammar School' of James King of England in the 'Townhead' area of Sheffield. Taking over the Sheffield Collegiate School on Collegiate Crescent in 1884, being renamed Sheffield Royal Grammar School (SRGS) in 1885. Then, in 1905 Sheffield City Council acquired both Wesley College and S.R.G.S. and they were merged on the site of the former to form King Edward VII School (KES).

University of Sheffield
The University of Sheffield developed from three local institutions: the Sheffield School of Medicine, Firth College and the Sheffield Technical School. Of the three, the School of Medicine was by far the oldest, being founded in 1828.

Woodhouse Grammar School
From its opening in 1909 until the 1960's when it was absorbed into Aston Comprehensive (originally called Aston Woodhouse Comprehensive), its intake covered Aston Parish, Ulley, Wales, Kiveton, Dinnington, Treeton, Brinsworth and Catcliffe. In later years, approximately half its intake came from Sheffield City.  Until the early 1900's, compulsory education ended at around 11 years of age, raised eventually to 13. The only schools which offered education beyond this were the fee paying "public schools" and a few charitable foundations. In the early years of the 20th. Century, some far-sighted local authorities decided to open schools which would take pupils as far as the School Certificate and even the Higher School Certificate (roughly equivalent to today's GCSE and A-levels). One such authority was the West Riding County Council (WRCC) which covered the above villages and a new school, originally called Woodhouse Dual Secondary School, name eventually changed to Woodhouse Grammar School, opened in 1909 at the top of Furnace Lane in Woodhouse. Woodhouse in those days came under the WRCC. It was open to boys and girls.

Manchester Grammar School
Founded in 1515 it was the first free grammar school in the UK. In 1654, the world’s first free public library was formed next door to M.G.S. in what had been the church’s living quarters. This was facilitated by a bequest from a wealthy businessman (and ex-pupil) Humphrey Chetham, which also served to create a bluecoat orphanage there, schooling 40 poor boys.

History of Education in Britain
Education and educational system in Britain have long and interesting history. There were lots of changes during the progress. See also history of State Sponsored Education in Britain and Key Dates in Education in GB (1000-1899).  

Oldest Schools in England
List of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom.  See also the oldest Independent (private) Schools in the UK.

School Attendance Medals
Attendance at school had always been a problem. Children would normally have to work from a young age. A child’s wages could mean the difference between hunger and starvation for a family. The Sandon Act of 1876 and the Mundella Act of 1880 made education compulsory throughout England.  These medals, the silver were awarded for good conduct and attendance for three years and gold after four years.  See also Sheffield Indexer's Forum discussion.

Current List of Schools in Sheffield
See Sheffield Indexers collection of links to current schools in Sheffield.

 

Sheffield Indexers Links
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