Oundle Links

Oundle & Area  Parish Records  Burials, Cemeteries, Etc  Getting Started  General Info
Street Index & Maps  Photo Sites  Trades, Directories & Unions  Conditions in 1800's
Hospitals, Workhouses, Orphanages, Schools  Jails, Prisoners, Executions  Military Links
Emigration, Immigration, Migration  Material Researchers  Famous Personalities
  Oundle Historical Buildings & Places to Stay  Search this Page
 

Oundle & Area Genealogy Sites

GENUKI pages for Northamptonshire
Lots of genealogical reference information on Northamptonshire.

Hugh Wallis's IGI Batch Numbers Web Site           
IGI searchable database.

Northamptonshire GenWeb Project
This website is part of the England GenWeb Project and is provided as a resource for individuals researching their ancestors and associated local history in Northamptonshire. Information on Mailing Lists, Surnames, Query Boards, NTH Online Data and Societies.

Oundle (Wikipedia)
Encyclopedia description - an ancient market town.  

Old Towns, Oundle Northamptonshire
Oundle is in Polebrook hundred, 81 miles from London. The area of the parish, including the hamlets of Ashton, Biggin, Churchfield, and Elmington, is 5,300 acres; the population, in 1831, was 2,450, nearly one-third agricultural.

British History Online - Oundle
OUNDLE (St. Peter), a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in the hundred of Polebrooke, N. division of the county of Northampton.  A monastery was established here before the year 711, when Wilfrid, Archbishop of York, died in it. The town is situated on a gentle declivity on the northern bank of the Nene, by which river it is nearly surrounded, and over which are two bridges, leading respectively to the Thrapston and Peterborough roads. See also their main website for additional British History Online.

Northamptonshire Surname List (Genuki)
Alphabetical list of surnames in Northamptonshire.  

Cambridge Family History Society
Online searchable databases including; 1841, 1851, 1861 Census, Baptisms, Burials, Marriages and more!

Registration Districts in Northamptonshire (Genuki)
Civil registration districts in the county of Northampton, including the Soke of Peterborough, between 1st July 1837 and 31st March 1974.  See also registration district of Oundle.

Northamptonshire County Council
Records office offers archived information to help with your search..

Peterborough City Council - Library
Complete family history resource site.

Northamptonshire Family History Society
Further resources for family history research in Northamptonshire.

East Northamptonshire Council
Town council Service Directory for East-Northamptonshire.

JEWISHGEN pages for Northamptonshire
Reference information on the Northamptonshire Hebrew Congregation.

Villages in Northamptonshire          
Wikipedia's list of current Villages in the County of Northamptonshire. See also current Villages in England.

Parish Church Records                                             << Back to Top >>

FreeREG Search UK Parish Registers           
Free Internet searches of baptism, marriage, and burial records transcribed from parish and non-conformist registers of the U.K. FreeREG is a companion project to FreeBMD (a database of the GRO birth, marriage and death indexes from 1837) and FreeCEN (a database of census information).  See Oundle Records - for list of Baptisms, Marriages and Burials in progress. 
If you are offering data to the FreeREG Project, or wish to volunteer to help, please contact the Country Co-ordinator Anna Rufer email: rufer@xtra.co.nz.

Cambridge Family History Society
Online searchable databases including; 1841, 1851, 1861 Census, Baptisms, Burials, Marriages and more!

Northamptonshire County Council - Parish Registers
List of Parish Registers that the the Northamptonshire Record Office holds. Most of these are available to view on microfiche in their Index Room. They have a programme of putting registers onto microfiche when they are deposited, but it can take a few months for this to happen.  Original registers can be seen in the case of those which have not yet been put on fiche. You may also purchase copies of fiche to use at home. Contact them to check whether the register you require is available on microfiche.

Family Search - International Genealogical Index (IGI)
LDS searchable online databases including; Births, Christenings, Marriages and a few Burials covering many places around the world.

Churches of Britain & Ireland - Northamptonshire
Their ultimate aim is to have at least one photo of every existing church in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands, and where possible, photos or artwork of churches no longer in existence.

Burials, Cemeteries etc                                          << Back to Top >>

Oundle Burials 1666
Three lists of burials in Oundle for the year 1666 including; April 29 to June 18, June 19 to July 21 and July 22 to October 31.

Cambridge Family History Society
Online searchable databases including; 1841, 1851, 1861 Census, Baptisms, Burials, Marriages and more!

Global Genealogy - Northamptonshire
Burial records by city, town/village, and by burial ground within that municipality (available on CD).

National Burial Index - Northamptonshire
FFHS is an international organization, established in 1974 in the UK as a non-profit charitable company.  It is conducting the transcription and computerization of Burial records mainly by members of the Federation of Family History Societies throughout Britain.

Roll of Honour.com
Site dedicated to those men and women who fell fighting for their country. Photos of the Oundle Memorial and other helpful links to information on prisoners of war, other memorials, etc.

Lest We Forget
Sheffield Indexers' collection of photos from various memorials for British and Commonwealth soldiers including; Leers (France), The Menin Gate, Ypres (Belgium), Railway Chateau British Cemetery (Belgium), Thiepval (France), Tyne Cot, Ypres (Belgium) and Vimy Ridge (France).

Getting Started                                                               << Back to Top >>

Getting started in Family History (Genuki)
All the information you need to know to start researching your Family History.

FreeBMD
Searchable transcriptions of the Civil Registration index of births, marriages and deaths for England and Wales.

General Register Office (GRO)
The General Register Office holds a central copy of all registrations for England and Wales including; Births, Deaths, Stillbirths, Marriages, Civil Partnerships, Adoptions.

The National Archives - Getting Started
The National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom has one of the largest archival collections in the world, spanning 1000 years of British history, from Domesday Book of 1086 to government papers recently released to the public.  You can see this collection at The National Archives in Kew, West London, or view certain documents online. Research Guides are available through their online catalogue.

JewishGen.org
Joint project between the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain and JewishGen.Inc, collecting genealogical and other community related information about UK Jewish communities (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Channel Islands).

LDS Family History Library
LDS Family History Catalog.

LDS Family Search (IGI)
International Genealogical Index (IGI).

Searchable Databases: 1538 up to 1901
List of searchable databases available by subscription for England and Wales including; Census, Cemeteries, Land, Obituaries, Personal, Taxes and Vital (Born, Married, Died & Buried).

FindMyPast.co.uk
The home of British & Irish Family History.

Census Records of 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1931, 1939, Etc
Brief description about the census process and site links to originating online census record databases.

Census Finder - Free Census Records Online
Census Finder is a tool  designed to help you find sites which offer free census records online.  Site features links to; US Census Records, UK Census Records, Canadian Census Records, Census Indexes & Images as well as Other Census Links.

Emigration, Immigration, Migration
Extensive list of links to websites for family members who may have Emigrated, Immigrated or Migrated.

Trades, Directories & Unions
Oundle Links collections of the links to workers trades, unions and Directories. 

Street Index & Maps                                                  << Back to Top >>

Counties of England
Historic Counties of Great Britain.

GENUKI Country and County Codes
'Chapman Codes' for Countries and Counties of the British Isles.

Old Maps
Old Ordnance Survey maps.

Multimap
Modern map of Oundle.

Alan Godfrey Maps
Old maps of Northamptonshire available to buy.

Geograph British Isles
The Geograph British Isles project aims to collect geographically representative photographs and information for every square kilometre of the UK and Eire.

MapQuest
International Map Website.  If you have a current address this will show you where it is.  Will need the street address and postal code.

Photo Sites                                                                          << Back to Top >>

Viewfinder Picture Heritage - Oundle
New online image resource for England's history containing illustrations of the industrial age, social history, architecture and archaeology, dating from the 1840s to the present day. See also Northamptonshire.

Pictures of Northamptonshire
Take a picture tour of Northamptonshire.

The Francis Frith Collection - Oundle
Photographic publishers since 1860. Website includes Photos, Maps, Books, Aerial Photos and Memories.  Searchable site also includes collections for England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Churches of Britain & Ireland - Northamptonshire
Their ultimate aim is to have at least one photo of every existing church in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands, and where possible, photos or artwork of churches no longer in existence.

Pictures of Oundle
PicturesofEngland.com exploring the most Picturesque & Historic parts of England.  Take a picture tour of Leeds Attractions, Nearby Towns, Maps and more.  See also pictures of Northamptonshire.

Science and Society
Science & Society Picture Library represents the collections of the Science Museum, the National Railway Museum and the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television - as well as a variety of related collections. They now have over 150 image collections from both within and outside the museums' core collections. These contain over 70,000 online records, including over 40,000 digital images.

How old is that photograph?
Date an old photograph to help fit a photo into the family tree (Roger Vaughan Picture Library).

Dating Photos
Most old photos can be dated with reasonable certainty to within a period of ten years. In some cases they can of course be dated to the exact day, if someone has bothered to record that information on the photo! Sadly almost all 19th century family portraits in albums are unidentified and undated! So in most cases a little detective work must be done.

General Sites                                                                     << Back to Top >>


BBC Radio Northampton
Hear a selection of BBC Radio Northampton shows on demand.

Oundle Chronicle
Produced by a group of approximately 20 pupils drawn from the Fifth Form of the Oundle School.

London News
The Illustrated London News magazine which was first printed in 1842 is the finest pictorial example of a historic social record of British and world events up to the present day.  See also their list of articles on Oundle.

Civil Parishes in Northamptonshire
Wikipedia's List of civil parishes in Northamptonshire, England.

Federation of Family History Societies
FFHS is an international organization, established in 1974 in the UK as a non-profit charitable company.

Northamptonshire Family History Societies
The Federation of Family History Societies' (FFHS) list of Northamptonshire Member Contacts.

Cyndi's List
US based genealogical list with information for Northamptonshire England.

National Archives
The National Archives offers helpful historical information on Family, Local, House and Military History, etc.

Northamptonshire Genealogy Links
Another Gateway Site for information on; general links, cemeteries, census, directories, marriages, military, parish registers, passenger lists.

Genealogy Hunters in the UK
Sheffield Indexers collection of links of Popular Travel Info for Family History Researchers.  Sites include; Tour the UK, About the Counties, Accommodations and Who to See When You Get There.

UK Genealogy Interests Directory
FREE UK Genealogy web site where you can put information about the surnames you are researching.

Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain
The Society encourages genealogical research and promotes the preservation of Jewish genealogical records and resources.

ANY-Web 'Genealogy'
Your Guide to Community Websites across the UK.

Historical Buildings & Places to Stay         << Back to Top >>

Prebendal Manor House
The earliest surviving dwelling in Northamptonshire standing on a promontory overlooking the River Nene and the village of Nassington.

Harewood House
Harewood House, home to the Queen's cousin, the Earl of Harewood is set in spectacular grounds, which include formal gardens and gentle woodland walks.

Trades, Directories & Unions               << Back to Top >>

University of Leicester
Digital library of local and trade directories for England and Wales, from 1750 to 1919. There are currently 51 directories for Yorkshire. Future projects to provide at least one directory, for each segment on depicted on the geographical map, for each of the following decades: 1850's, 1890's, 1910's.

Trade Union Ancestors
Find out more about your family history in the trade union movement of the 19th and 20th centuries. This website aims to help family historians to identify the correct union, to discover the role their ancestor played in it, and to find out more about trade union history.  See also Wikipedia list of Trade Unions of the UK.

History of the N.U.M.
Under conditions where children as young as four had to face a seventeen-hour day and a six-day week working underground, the District Unions (forerunners of the Miners’ Federation of Great Britain and the National Union of Mineworkers) were established to protect the interests and the lives of miners.  In the pits of Sheffield there was concerted action in 1792 when colliers employed by the Duke of Norfolk refused to work until their wages were raised. There are many examples of miners’ secret organisations taking industrial action See also more mining references in the UK and Trade Unions of the UK.

National Coal Mining Museum for England and Coal Mining & Railways in the North East.

Old Medical Terms
This is a collection of old medical terms and their modern definitions from the 19th Century and earlier.

Old Occupation Names
Descriptions of occupations.

Understanding the Industrial Revolution
Website of biographies of the UK inventors, engineers, statesmen and reformers including stories of ordinary people upon whom Britain's industrial success was founded. See also their Who was Who historical index of people who made names for themselves during the industrial revolution. 

UK Electoral Roll Online Searches
Searches the UK Electoral Roll, Deaths, Marriages and UK Property Ownership to the general public and companies with access to every registered address in the UK since 1984 (TBV?). You can search by forename, surname, full name or by address and postcode. Terms and Conditions will apply.

192.com
Search the most powerful people and business finder in the UK. With 500 million people and business records searchable online information including; Electoral Rolls 2002-2006, Directory Enquiries 2002-2006, Residential Listings, Births, Marriages, Deaths, (BMD 1837 to 2004), 1861 Census People and Address search, Business Local Search, Thomson Directories, Dun & Bradstreet, Director Reports and Enquiries. Terms and Conditions will apply.

BT.com - The Phone Book
Free Online Residential and Business Directory search by surname, town and street to help you find recent rellies.

Infospace - Find a Person
Phone Directory search by name and town.

Hospitals, Workhouses, Orphanages, Schools        << Back to Top >>

National Health Services NHS (1948)
The history and establishment of the National Health Services (free health care).

Mental Health History
Website classifying asylums and patients in the nineteenth century.  Includes information on the five basic groups of asylums such as Licensed Houses, County Asylums, Hospitals, Workhouse Asylums, Single Houses. Mental health dictionary helps to define previous descriptions such as lunatic or pauper lunatic and more.  See Asylum Index.  See also Mental Health History Time Line.

Workhouses
State-provided poor relief is often dated from the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1601 when the passing of an Act for the Relief of the Poor made parishes legally responsible for looking after their own poor.  See also Social Sciences & Poor Law 1834.

Oundle Workhouses
Information on Oundle Workhouses up to and after 1834 including staff and inmates as researched by Peter Higginbotham.

Oundle Workhouse & Poor Law Union
Information includes: Parish Unions and inmates.

Cottage Homes, Scattered Homes & Boarding Out
Information on the lives of children in England since 1840 including; children and education in the workhouse, training ships, early schools and more as researched by Peter Higginbotham.

Northamptonshire Workhouses
Another website with information on Workhouses by Rossbret.  See also information on Oundle Workhouses.

Rossbret Workhouses
Information on England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland Workhouse Life, Unmarried Mothers, Inmate Removals, Imbeciles, Drunkards, Children and Casual Wards.

Institutions
Details on the different Institutions and how they operated as well as the Poor Law. If you haven't visited this site before, it will be useful to you.  See also Workhouse Life and more information on Hospitals, Workhouses, Orphanage, Schools.

Salvation Army
In 1865, William Booth founded an Evangelical Christian movement in the East End of London. Originally known as the Christian Revival Association, it was renamed in 1870 to become the East London Christian Mission, subsequently shortened to the Christian Mission. The group was reorganised and renamed in 1878 to become the Salvation Army — affectionately known as the "Sally Ann".

Poor Laws
The origins of parochial poor relief extend back at least as far as the fifteenth century.  Legislation prior to this point largely dealt with beggars and vagabonds. In the aftermath of the Black Death (1348-9) labour was in short supply and wages rose steeply.  This site provides detailed information on the Old and New Poor Laws including Poor Rate, Badging the Poor, Bastardy Orders, Farming the Poor and much more.

Historical Acts of Parliament
Very interesting website for transcripts of Various Acts of Parliament of Interest to the Genealogist by Guy Etchells including; He is a Bastard that is born before the Marriage of his Parents (1235), an Act for the better preventing of clandestine Marriages (1753 Lord Hardwicke’s Act), an Act for granting to his Majesty a Stamp-duty on the Registry of Burials, Marriages, Births, and Christenings (1783), an Act for better regulating and preserving Parish and other Registers of Births, Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials in England (28th June 1812 Rose’s Act) and much more!

DirectGovUk - Schools in Northamptonshire
Find information about current schools, childcare and nurseries. Information also available for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Cyndi's List of Schools UK & Ireland
Links to genealogical and historical information and searchable databases for the UK and Ireland.

Oldest Schools in the UK
Wikepedia list of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom.  See also list of oldest independent (private) schools in the UK.

Oundle School
Founded as a grammar school in 1556 by Sir Wiliam Laxton, Lord Mayor of London, who was born in Oundle, for the education of local children.  Today Oundle is the third largest public school in England.

Rossbret Reformatories
A Reformatory School was an Institution for the Industrial training of Juvenile Offenders. This Page links to Reformatories and Industrial Schools within the United Kingdom.

Industrial & Reformatory Schools in the UK
Alphabetical list of Industrial/Reformatory Schools & the like in England and Wales during the 19th and early 20th century by Mary Wall. See also their home page for further information on extracts of the 1888 Industrial Schools Act - Brief description of Truant Schools, Day Industrial Schools & Auxiliary Homes and more!

History of Education in Britain
Education and educational system in Britain have long and interesting history. There were lots of changes during the progress. See also history of State Sponsored Education in Britain and Key Dates in Education in GB (1000-1899).

History of Ragged Schools in Britain
In 1818 John Pounds began teaching poor children without charging fees. Thomas Guthrie helped to promote his idea of free schooling for working class children. Guthrie started a ragged school in Edinburgh and Sheriff Watson established another in Aberdeen. Lord Shaftesbury formed the Ragged School Union in 1844 and over the next eight years over 200 free schools for poor children were established in Britain.

Blue Coat Schools
Charity Schools, also called Blue Coat Schools, originally a type of elementary school erected and maintained in various parishes, by the voluntary contributions of the inhabitants, for teaching poor children to read, write, and other necessary parts of education. They were usually maintained by religious organizations.

School Attendance Medals
Attendance at school had always been a problem. Children would normally have to work from a young age. A child’s wages could mean the difference between hunger and starvation for a family. The Sandon Act of 1876 and the Mundella Act of 1880 made education compulsory throughout England.  These medals, the silver were awarded for good conduct and attendance for three years and gold after four years.

LDS Research Guidance - Schools
An outstanding compilation of research and resources that can help you learn more about English Schools.

Jails, Prisoners, Executions                                << Back to Top >>

Black Sheep Ancestors
Information on UK prison records, Outlaw and Criminal Records, Court Records and Executions.

Capital Punishment UK
Complete listing of executions in the UK including hangings, prison histories and more.

UK Historic Serious Crime Index
An A-Z of British serious criminals and their victims compiled by Ian Waugh.

Convicts & the British Colonies
Information on the transportation of convicts to the Australian Penal Colony 1700's - 1800's.

Convicts to Australia
Lists of convict ships, their passengers, conditions and much more.

Murder - The Ultimate Crime
UK site with details on hundreds of murders that have been committed over the years worldwide.

CrimTim
A criminology and deviancy theory history timeline including a Table of Statutes and a Common Law for England since 1154. See also The History of Crime in England, 1550-1914 and a Timeline of Capital Punishment in the UK.

Conditions in the 1800's                                       << Back to Top >>

The Iron District of Staffordshire
The Remaining Branches of Industry - "He who is once a grinder falls into despair, as though he had sold himself to the devil. Education in Sheffield is upon a very low plane; a clergyman, who had occupied himself largely with the statistics of education, was of the opinion that of 16,500 children of the working-class who are in a position to attend school, scarcely 6,500 can read. This comes of the fact that the children are taken from school in the seventh, and, at the very latest, in the twelfth year, and that the teachers are good for nothing; one was a convicted thief who found no other way of supporting himself after being released from jail than teaching school! Immorality among young people seems to be more prevalent in Sheffield than anywhere else."

The Condition of the Working-Class in England
The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844 (by Frederick Engels c. 1845).

Institutions
Details on the different Institutions and how they operated as well as the Poor Law. If you haven't visited this site before, it will be useful to you.  See also Workhouse Life and more information on Hospitals, Workhouses, Orphanage, Schools.

History of Human Rights in Europe
Information on the history of human rights in Europe.

Enclosures / Inclosure Act
There were a number of UK Acts of Parliament, which enclosed common land (see also open field system) in the country. This meant that the rights that people once held, to graze animals on these areas when not planted by crops, were now being denied. Common usage is enclosure, but this is not the name of the acts.  Inclosure Acts for small areas had been passed sporadically since the 12th century but the vast majority of them were passed between 1750 and 1860. See samples of private and personal acts of Parliament.

Domesday Book
A great land survey from 1086, commissioned by William the Conqueror to assess the extent of the land and resources being owned in England at the time, and the extent of the taxes he could raise. The information collected was recorded by hand in two huge books, in the space of around a year.  See also Domesday Book FAQ's.  Planning for the surveys was conducted in 1085 to cover six 'circuits'.

Trades, Directories & Unions
Oundle Links collections of links to the workers trades, unions and Directories. 

Military Information                                              << Back to Top >>

Roll of Honour.com
Site dedicated to those men and women who fell fighting for their country. Photos of the Oundle Memorial and other helpful links to information on prisoners of war, other memorials, etc.

Officers Died
This information is intended as a memorial to those listed and has been compiled from various books, casualty lists, medal rolls, newspapers, and memorials.

Wartime Memories Project
This excellent project is actively seeking recollections from the war years. If you lived through the war years and have a tale or two to tell, they would love to hear from you. Some of the areas of interest to the project: Fighter pilots, RAF instructors and ground crew, RAF Maintenance Units, Aircrew who made a landing at one of the designated emergency landing grounds, Coastal Command, Bomber Command, Evacuees, Wartime school children, WW2 Refugees from Europe, WAAF, ATS, WRENs, WVS, Nurses, Doctors, Teachers and so much more!

Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth
Information on military history.

Obtaining Service Records
Different sites to obtain British Service Records.

Hellfire Corner
Information on Military Forces.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars.

The Long Long Trail
The British Army in the Great War of 1914 - 1918.

UK National Inventory of War Memorials
Searchable records of war memorials commemorating all wars located throughout the United Kingdom. Ranging from familiar community crosses and statues to less common memorials like bus shelters, sundials, park benches and even an island.

British War Memorial Project
A voluntary project to build an online International War Memorial to Service Personnel from 1914 to the present day - including those killed in recent conflicts and peacekeeping operations. The photo archive is the largest of its kind in the world.

National Archives - Military History
The National Archives has a huge collection of records dealing with Britain's military history. Whatever period you are studying, they will hold documents that reveal strategy, equipment and the experience of those that fought.  Also check out their information on Medals.

Service Cross Recipients
List of Foreign recipients of the distinguished Service Cross by C. Douglas Sterner.

Wars and Conflicts - BBC History
Histories of Britain and the world that have turned on the outcome of invasions, battles and wars.  Explore in depth, conflicts that have brought out the best and the worst in humanity.

UK Military [War Heroes]
Links to current military websites.

UK Military (Cyndi's List)
Extensive list to websites for further information on Battles, Battlefields, Military Sites, General Resource Sites, How to Find Old Comrades, Historical Military Conflicts & Events & Much More!

Historical Regimental Art Prints
Regimental Art Prints, brings you Historical Military art prints from Military History of the British Regiments. All Regiments including Amalgamated Regiments and Yeomanry Regiments are shown in a list.

3rd Regiment of Foot
The 3rd Regiment of Foot is one of the oldest infantry regiments in the British Army with a history dating back to 1572. It subsequently became The Buffs (East Kent Regiment).

76th Regiment of Foot
A regiment of the East India Company and the British Army raised for service in India by the East India Company in 1787.

1st the Queen's Dragoon Guards
On accession of King James II to the throne on the 6th February, 1685, the regular army in England consisted of three troops of Life Guards, a regiment of Dragoons, two regiments of Foot Guards and five regiments of Infantry of the Line, which, with the garrison in regular pay amounted to 8,000 men.

British Regiments in Canada
Infantries #I and II Regiments of Foot 1 through 104. Regiments formed as early as 1572.

Boer Wars
There were two Boer Wars.  The first between 1880 to 1881 and the second between 1899 to 1902.  Both were between the British Empire and the Boer republics, the Orange Free State and the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic), founded by settlers known as Voortrekkers who made the Great Trek from the Cape Colony and were primarily of Dutch, French and German origin.  These settlers were often called Boers and were mainly the descendants of generations of Afrikaans who were living the Eastern Cape frontier.  The ware often called simply the "Boer War" is the Second Boer War.  See Roll of Honour - Boer dedicated to those men and women who fell fighting for their country.

Boer War - Empire Involvement
The vast majority of troops fighting for the United Kingdom came from the UK or South Africa. However, in the Second Boer War (South Africa War) a number did come from other parts of the Empire. These countries had their own internal disputes over whether they should remain tied to the United Kingdom, or have full independence, which carried over into the debate over whether they should send forces to assist the United Kingdom. Though not fully independent on foreign affairs, these countries did have local say over how much support to provide, and the manner in which it would be provided. Ultimately, Canada, Australia and New Zealand all chose to send volunteers to aid the United Kingdom, but did not send them in sufficient size and speed to be critical to the final outcome. See also Second Anglo-Boer War on the Landforces website.

World War I Casualties
The number of casualties (military and civilian) was over 37 million - over 15 million deaths and 22 million wounded.

Old Front Line Battlefields of WWI
This is a web site dedicated to the history and battlefields of the Great War 1914-1918.

The World at War (WW1)
Also known as 'the war to end all wars.  See also the Commonwealth Allies; Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, Scotland, South Africa, Wales and the West Indies.

Australians at War
Australia War Memorial commemorating their involvement in the two world wars and the Cold War conflicts in Korea, Southeast Asia and more recently in Peacekeeping and Post–Cold War operations.

The India Gate
Situated on the Rajpath in New Delhi, originally called the All India War Memorial, is a monument built to commemorate the Indian soldiers who died in WWI and the Afghan Wars.  See also Indian Cemeteries.

For King and Empire
Canada's soldiers at Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele.

Aukland War Memorial Museum
Opened in 1929 to commemorate the monumental loss of New Zealand men and women during World War 1. Almost a third of the 18,166 New Zealanders who died as a result of World War 1 have no known graves, buried half a world away from their grieving families.

South African Military Museum
Situated in Johannesburg in the Province of Gauteng and is the only museum of its kind in South Africa. It provides a nucleus of Museum and military history expertise in southern Africa.

Canadian National War Memorial
Designed originally to commemorate the 60,000 Canadians who died in the First World War, the National War Memorial in Confederation Square has since come to commemorate all of Canada's war dead.  See 360° View. See also the Canadian Phalanx.

Canadian Soldiers WWI
Searchable database for Canadian Soldiers in WWI see also searchable database of Canadian Soldiers of the South African War of 1899 to 1902.

Canadian Military Heritage Project
This site is dedicated to presenting Canadian military history.  Extensive information on the wars, uprisings and conflicts in which Canadians participated.

Lest We Forget
Collection of photos from various memorials for British and Commonwealth soldiers including; Leers (France), The Menin Gate, Ypres (Belgium), Railway Chateau British Cemetery (Belgium), Thiepval (France) and Vimy Ridge (France).

Emigration, Immigration, Migration           << Back to Top >>

Emigration
There have been several waves of emigration from the United Kingdom. People might have been fleeing religious persecution, seeking a better life or have been transported against their will. See also Immigration to the UK.

Emigration & Immigration Schemes pre 1900
Information of different schemes under which migrants arrived in Australia as well as other countries.


Mormon Emigration from Sheffield
Relief from the hard conditions for the poor and working class brought about by Mormon Missionaries offering people the chance to start a new life in America as members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The shipslist
Find your ancestors on ship passenger lists. There's also immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA,
Australia and even some for South Africa.

Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
Includes sites to research emigration, immigration and naturalization, 100+ passenger list sites, ethnic research, libraries and archives, passenger ship types, descriptions and images, and additional worldwide maritime information available both on-line and off-line.

Ships in Ports - 1881 Census
The 1881 Census contains details of many ships in UK ports. These records are useful for tracing seamen and passengers coming into or going out of the country. For those who do not have easy access to the 1881 census the following pages give the details of the people concerned. A new section of the site is now in progress. This will cover mariners at various shore establishments eg Royal Navy Barracks, Training Schools & Colleges, Seamen's Homes, Prisons etc.  See also further information at the British Seamen's & Mariners Research Links (Bob Sanders).
 
British Fairground Ancestors
The British Fairground Ancestors website provides information including census records on Showmen as well as Circus and Fairground Travellers Index.

 
FindMyPast.com
Online searchable records including; Ships Passenger Lists Leaving UK - 1890-1919 now available, Births, Marriages and Deaths, Census Records, Military Records, Migration Records, Occupations & Directories, Living Relatives. Terms and conditions may apply.

War Brides (UK)
More than one hundred thousand British war brides and large numbers of children sailed away, mostly bound for Canada, the United States, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand in 1946 and 1947.  Indexes to War Bride ship passenger lists are available online See also the Canadian War Brides site.

Genealogy Links by Country
Extensive list of links and resources to help you find family trees, research guides, historical and genealogical societies, genealogy databases, surnames, and local history organized by region, country and locality by About.com.
 

Census Finder - Free Census Records Online
Census Finder is a tool  designed to help you find sites which offer free census records online.  Site features links to; US Census Records, UK Census Records, Canadian Census Records, Census Indexes & Images as well as Census Links.

General Register Office (GRO) - England & Wales
The General Register Office holds a central copy of all registrations including; Births, Deaths, Stillbirths, Marriages, Civil Partnerships, Adoptions.  See also the England Genealogy Mine page and the Wales Genealogy Mine page.

General Register Office (GRO) - Ireland
The General Register Office (Oifig An Ard-Chláraitheora) is the central civil repository for records relating to Births, Deaths and Marriages in the Republic of Ireland.  See also the Ireland Genealogy Mine page.

General Register Office (GRO) - Scotland
Responsible for Scotland's registration of births, marriages, civil partnerships, deaths, divorces, and adoptions. They run and use Census and other data to publish information about population and households. They are the main source of family history records.  See also the Scotland Genealogy Mine page.

Northamptonshire Strays in Ireland
Is it possible some of your relatives went to Northern Ireland? This link will give you an alphabetical list of Census strays to view. 

 
Yorkshire & Surrounding Counties
Sheffield Indexers collection of popular Historical and Genealogical links for Yorkshire and the surrounding counties of  Cheshire, Derbyshire, Durham, Lancashire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire and Westmorland/Cumbria.

Great Human Migrations
Western historians refer to the period of migrations that separated Antiquity from the Middle Ages in Europe as the 'Great Migrations' or as the Migrations Period. This period is further divided into two phases.  The first phase, from 300 to 500 AD and the second phase, between 500 and 900 AD.  See also Medieval and Early Modern Europe and see World War II evacuation and expulsion for World War II forced migrations.

Colonialism
Settler colonies, such as the original thirteen states of the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Argentina arose from the emigration of peoples from a mother country and involved displacement of the indigenous peoples to their permanent detriment.

Immigration & Naturalization - Cyndi's List
Extensive list of global links regarding Immigration and Naturalization.

Genealogy Mine
List of sources for finding genealogical data, to give you some idea of the wealth of knowledge available on individuals. It may also make you think of a source you had never considered.  Most of the links on these pages will take you to pages with links on that information while others may take you to articles on help. 

Coraweb for Genealogists
Another Gateway Site for Tracing your Family History. See their links pages for; the UK, Wales, Ireland and Scotland. See below for links to their pages on Australia and New Zealand.
 

UK Genealogy Links
UK Genealogy Links website offering another gateway of links to national and international genealogy websites.
 

American Emigration                                    << Back to Top >>

Ellis Island, USA - Passenger Arrival Records
Searchable database for immigrants, passengers, and crew members that came through Ellis Island and the Port of New York.  See also About.com Ellis Island.


British Colonization of the Americas (1500's to 1600's)
Began under the Kingdom of England in the late 16th century, before reaching its peak after the Acts of Union 1707, which established the Kingdom of Great Britain. Colonies were established in North, Central and South America and in the Caribbean, and a protectorate was established in Hawaii. The British were one of the most important colonizers of the Americas.

Jamestown, USA (1607)
The first permanent English settlement in North America established at Jamestown in the Virginia Colony in 1607.  See also the Popham Colony.

US National Archives
The records in their holdings that are most commonly used by genealogists include: Census Records, Military Records, Immigration Records (Ship Passenger Lists), Naturalization Records, Land Records. While you will not find the actual records online, you will find finding aids online, such as microfilm indexes, and information on how to conduct research in the different types of records.

Genealogy Links
Research your American roots with these United States genealogy resources, organized by state. Find a wealth of US genealogy resources for the states where your ancestors lived, including indexes to state vital records, online cemetery transcriptions, digitized census records, and maps of your ancestor's home town by About.com.

Emigrants from England to US
Olive Tree Genealogy website includes passenger lists for emigrants from England to the USA and much more.

Genealogy Quest (1600-1900's)
Online collection of lists including; early US Census Records, Land Grants, Military Records, Naturalization Records, Ships Passenger Lists & Immigration and other miscellaneous lists.

Genealogy Mine, America
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.

Australian Emigration                                   << Back to Top >>

LDS Research Outline - Australia
An outstanding compilation of research strategies and resources that can help you learn more about your Australian ancestors.
 
Australian Genealogy
The State Library of Western Australia Family History is a starting point for genealogists is the Genealogy
Centre located in the Alexander Library Building in Perth, Western Australia. The strength of this collection is records relating to each of the states of Australia, as well as to New Zealand and Britain.

Australian Family History and Genealogy
The National Library of Australia links to Australian sites containing a variety of information relating to family history and genealogy including guides, indexes and digitised images of documents.

Australian Family History Compendium
An Internet resource for people researching their family tree. It contains information on a wide variety of categories related to genealogy, with a strong emphasis on Australian material.

Australian National Archives
Holds an abundance of material of interest to family historians. They hold some colonial records, but most of their records were created during the 20th century, reflecting the growing involvement by the federal government in the lives of individuals throughout the century.


Genealogy Links
Research your American roots with these United States genealogy resources, organized by state. Find a wealth of US genealogy resources for the states where your ancestors lived, including indexes to state vital records, online cemetery transcriptions, digitized census records, and maps of your ancestor's home town by About.com.

Convicts to Australia
Lists of convict ships, their passengers, conditions and much more.

Genealogy Mine, Australia & South Pacific
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.


Coraweb for Australian Genealogists
An Australian Gateway Site for Tracing your Family History.

Canadian Emigration                                    << Back to Top >>

Canadian Genealogy Centre
Tracing your Ancestors in Canada.


LDS Research Outline - Canada
An outstanding compilation of research strategies and resources that can help you learn more about your Canadian relatives.

Genealogy Links
Research your immigrant ancestors or learn about Canadian immigration and emigration history. Includes major ports, migration patterns, border crossings, naturalization records, online ship passenger lists and more by About.com.

Newfoundland, Grand Banks
Genealogy site featuring the Canadian province of Newfoundland.

British Columbia
Online vital event indexes for the Canadian province contains information to historical birth, marriage, and death registrations for British Columbia, but not the actual registrations, and are being made available for the purposes of research.

Immigrants to Canada
Nineteenth century voyage accounts, emigration information, lists of ships sailing to Canada, information on the ports, and on the people.  See also Young Immigrants to Canada and Marj's Genealogy Page for helpful genealogy and family interest links.

Library & Archives Canada
Links to searchable database information from early Census, Home Children, Soldiers, Colonial Records, Naturalization Records for Upper Canada and Canada West and much more!

Pier 21, Halifax Canada
Pier 21 opened in 1928 and was Canada's 'front door' to over a million immigrants, refugees, evacuee children, child migrants, home children, wartime evacuees, troops, veterans, war brides and their children. It closed in 1971. See also very informative links page on Citizenship and Immigration and their ongoing collection of stories of those that came through or worked Pier 21.

Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland (1610)
Established in 1610 by John Guy on behalf of Bristol's Society of Merchant Venturers, who had been given a charter by King James I of England to establish a colony on the island of Newfoundland. See also Harbour Grace, Newfoundland.

Colony of Avalon, Newfoundland (1500-1600's)
In 1620, George Calvert (1579/80-1632) purchased a parcel of land in Newfoundland from Sir William Vaughan. The land extended from just south of Aquaforte to Caplin Bay (now Calvert). The following year, Calvert's colonists set off for Ferryland under the leadership of governor Captain Edward Wynne. After the colony had been established, Calvert obtained a larger land grant from King James I of England, who awarded him "the Province of Avalon".  See also online list of early Ferryland Colonists and Early Settlement Schemes.

Yorkshire Emigration (1771-1776)
More than 1,000 people emigrated from Yorkshire and Northumberland to Nova Scotia (including parts of what later became New Brunswick) between 1771 and 1776. As a group, they comprise `The Yorkshire Emigration', a significant event in the history of the Maritime provinces.  Site includes; Passenger Lists, Family Information and Informative Links page with additional information to explore.

Emigrants from England to Canada
Olive Tree Genealogy website includes passenger lists for emigrants from England to Canada, Home Children/Orphans, and much more. 

Genealogy Mine, Canadian
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.

Caribbean & West Indies Emigration            << Back to Top >>

Genealogy Links
Compiled list of links by the US Archives for people of Hispanic origin including; Central and South America, Mexico, Caribbean, and the West Indies.

More Genealogy Links
Search for your Caribbean and West Indies ancestors in these genealogy and family history records, databases and resources for the Caribbean Islands including Anguilla, Antigua, Bahamas, Bermuda, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and the U.S. Virgin Islands by About.com.

Jamaica Census (1670)
Genealogy Quest online census list taken on September 23, 1670.

Barbados Census (1673)
Genealogy Quest online census list of most eminent planters in Barbadoes.

Genealogy Mine, Hispanic
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.


Antigua & Barbuda
The Museum of Antigua & Barbuda was opened in 1985 and is operated by the Historical & Archaeological Society, a private non-profit organisation. The exhibits, which interpret the story of Antigua from its geological birth to political independence, are placed in the old St. John's Court House of 1750, a very historic building. It acquires objects and specimens by field collecting, gifts, loans, and exchanges and welcomes input from all those who are interested in preserving and expressing the island's heritage. There is a fine reference library and there are many computer databases totalling 25,000 records, available for quick reference.  See also more Historical Information on Antigua & Barbuda.

India Emigration                                               << Back to Top >>

Genealogy Links
Genealogy and family history resources for India including cemeteries, historical timelines, genealogical societies, lookup volunteers, maps, royal families and more by About.com.

Families in British India Society          
If you are researching family of British or Anglo-Indian descent who lived and/or served within the Indian Sub-continent from 1600 to 1947, you may well find something about them on this site featuring data on pre Independence India and more.


Genealogy Mine, Asia & Middle East
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.


India Office Records

The India Office Records are the documentary archives of the administration in London of the pre-1947 government of India. They comprise the archives of the East India Company (1600-1858), of the Board of Control or Board of Commissioners for the Affairs of India (1784-1858), of the India Office (1858-1947), of the Burma Office (1937-1948), and of a number of related British agencies overseas. The India Office Records are administered by The British Library as part of the Public Records of the UK, and are open for public consultation.

Indian Cemeteries
This site is attempting to preserve the images of graves and monuments before they disappear. It is hoped that they will be useful to historians and genealogists, as well as serve to remember those whom they commemorate.  It covers the area which used to be British India and includes present-day India, Pakistan and Bagladesh.  Entries are not limited to British citizens, monuments cover many nationalities.

New Zealand Emigration                          << Back to Top >>

New Zealand Genealogy
Family research information for starting your family history search in New Zealand.  See also their Military Records resources guide.

Archives New Zealand
Official guardian of New Zealand's heritage documents including; the originals of the Treaty of Waitangi, government files and records, maps, paintings, photos, film access to family history documents etc.

New Zealand Genealogy Search Engine
Search all the on-line New Zealand passenger lists, family trees, surname interest and other genealogical resource pages at once!

English Migration to New Zealand
Captain James Cook, who mapped New Zealand in 1769 on the first of his three voyages to the country, was a Yorkshireman, and most of his sailors were English. See also profile of English Immigrants.

New Zealand Society of Genealogists
The purpose of the New Zealand Society of Genealogists is to assist members with their family history and genealogical research by:  actively providing opportunities for the development of genealogical skills and studies; representing the interests of the members in the wider community; and promoting the preservation of information.

Genealogy Mine, Australia & South Pacific
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.


Coraweb for New Zealand Genealogists
Another Gateway Site for Tracing your Family History.

South African Emigration                           << Back to Top >>

Genealogy Links
Trace your South African family tree with these lessons, genealogy databases and resources, surnames and surname meanings, archives, mailing lists and research sites for genealogy research in South Africa and more by About.com.

South African National Archives
Genealogical research forms a substantial part of the research conducted in archives. Each of our repositories which houses archival groups that contain genealogical information has prepared guides to genealogical research which enable the researcher or user to find the information she or he requires.


Genealogy Society of South Africa
For those who may be interested in genealogy and/or family history, the GSSA provides a wide range of educational courses, research programmes and services for the general benefit of GSSA branches and members, as well as any other service or assistance as may from time to time be decided upon by the National Council of the GSSA. They are developing links with Family History Societies and are assisting in the preservation of all genealogical records and memorabilia for South Africa.

e-Family, South African Roots
A completely free genealogy site, mainly for those researching their roots in South Africa.
 
JewishGen - South Africa
Southern Africa Jewish Genealogy Special Interest Group (SA-SIG) providing information of interest to those who are researching Jewish family history in the communities of South Africa, Lesotho (Basutoland), Botswana (Bechuanaland), Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia), Zambia (Northern Rhodesia), Swaziland, Moçambique, Kenya, and the former Belgian Congo.


Genealogy Mine, Africa and African American
Another site of extensive international links for genealogists.

 

Material                                                                           << Back to Top >>

Genfair
The "One-Stop Shop" for Family and Local Historians.


The National Archives
The National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom has one of the largest archival collections in the world, spanning 1000 years of British history, from Domesday Book of 1086 to government papers recently released to the public.  You can see this collection at The National Archives in Kew, West London, or view certain documents online. Research Guides are available through their online catalogue.

Stepping Stones
Specializes in the 1841 to 1871 Census of England and Wales, Trade Directories and similar publications on CD-ROM.

S & N Genealogy
Offering over one hundred and thirty programs plus Data CDs, books, charts and family history kits.


Global Genealogy & History Shoppe
Online shopping for different Countries.

Genealogy Applications
Everything to help fellow researchers (freeware, links).


Northamptonshire Research.com
For those who live in, do business in or just visit Northamptonshire.

Oundle Books & Materials
Published material on Oundle.

Parish Chest
Premier family history, genealogy and online bookstore where you will find just about everything you need to help with your genealogy and family history research.

Researchers                                                                    << Back to Top >>

Tom Tulloch
Military genealogy and operational records research assistance for British and Commonwealth Forces during the 20th Century.  Contact by email.

Paul Reed
Researching a soldier who fought in the First World War and the Boer War? Paul has years of experience. Contact by email.

Famous Oundle Personalities                        << Back to Top >>

Famous Old Oundelians
This is a list of notable people who have attended Oundle School.

How To...                                                                            << Back to Top >>

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