The South Yorkshire Steel Industry and the Industrial Revolution
"SHEFFIELD WAS A CUTLERY TOWN long before it became Steel City. The first documentary reference to a Sheffield Cutler comes from 1297, but steel was not made there until just after 1700. The town was known as a smoky centre of industry long before the first steel furnace was erected......In the first half of the nineteenth century the steel industry was still dependent on the handicraft skills of its workforce. A clever, hard-working, risk-taking mechanic could make his fortune, however humble his beginnings. The trade was easy to enter, as Huntsman had shown, and nearly all the capital that was invested came from local sources. The subsequent history of the Sheffield and Rotherham steel industry has been well covered by Dr Geoffrey Tweedale, who has shown how the American market was largely responsible for the remarkable expansion of the Sheffield crucible steel industry between the Napoleonic Wars and the American Civil War. In good years a third or more of Sheffield's steel output was sent across the Atlantic, in addition to the vast trade in cutlery and edge tools. Large fortunes were made from the American trade by the steel firms of Sanderson, Jessop, VICKERS, Greaves, Butcher, and Cammell...[from an article by David Hey, University of Sheffield 2005].
More Sheffield Steel Works information available -
In 1786, on the 24th day of February
John Vickers marries
Gertrude Rodgers in St. Peter Cathedral, Sheffield. They had ten children;
Mary (1787), John (1788), Thomas (1790), Gertrude (1790), Ann (1794), Benjamin
Sarah (1800), Elizabeth (1802) and Edward
Edward & William Vickers
"The company that grew
into the famous engineering and armaments companies of
and Vickers-Armstrongs was started in 1829
by Edward Vickers, a miller of Mill Sands, Sheffield and his brother
Thomas & Albert Vickers
Albert Vickers were both born in Sheffield, Thomas on 9th July 1833 and Albert
on 16th September 1838. Their father
Edward (1804-97) was a miller who
had married Anne, the daughter of George Naylor, a senior partner in the local
steelmaking firm of
Naylor & Sanderson. Edward's brother William, owned a
rolling mill and he too was connected with the firm. As a result of profitable
railway investments during the 1830's and 40's Edward"...[more
Naylor, Vickers & Co.
"The Sheffield, England, steel manufactory of Naylor, Vickers & Co. (later Vickers Sons & Co., but commonly referred to as simply "Naylor Vickers"), has long been known for the cast steel bells which it produced in the mid to late 19th century"...[more on Home.SwBell].
formed in Sheffield as a steel foundry by the steel manufacturer
and his father-in-law in 1828. The company went public in 1867 as Vickers, Sons
& Company. It began life making steel castings, though gradually acquired
more businesses, branching out into various sectors. It bought out The
Barrow Shipbuilding Company in 1897, also acquiring"...[more
Vickers Sons & Co.
"Vickers, Sons & Co. Ltd. was formed in 1867. It was based initially in
Sheffield, where the Head Office was attached to the steelworks at the River Don
Works. The company did not have a London address until it acquired the Maxim
Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co. Ltd. in 1897, and inherited a suite of
offices at 32 Victoria Street. In its early years the company concentrated on
the production of high quality steel castings. By the start of the twentieth
"...was the son of Colonel Thomas Edward Vickers (1833-1915), owner and Director of the
famous Sheffield firm Vickers, Sons & Co. Ltd"....[more
Vickers, commissioned John Singer Sargent to paint portraits of the family. Douglas' portrait was painted in 1914.
John Singer Sargent's online gallery includes portraits of;
Colonel Thomas Vickers
Mrs. Thomas Vickers
The Misses Vickers
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Vickers
Mrs. Albert Vickers
The Vickers Children
on Naylor Vickers by the Reverend David Cawley
The Grand Slam Bomb
Index of Known Naylor Vickers Bells
River Don Works, Brightside - Successors to Messrs. Naylor, Vickers and Co
Sheffield Flood Loss Claims 1 | 2 | 3
Thomas Vickers - Turkish Baths
Unique Bells of St Mary's - 1861 Bells by Naylor, Vickers
Vickers-Armstrong Ltd - British Defence Firm
Vickers, Sons & Maxim Limited - Worker Images
15-inch Gun - made by Vickers, Son & Maxim
Quick-Firing 13-Pounder Mark I Field Gun - Made by Vickers, Son & Maxim
Workers of Vickers - Died in WW1
[Sources: www.tilthammer.com, Wikipedia, www.jssgallery.org, ArchivesHub, www.scienceandsociety.co.uk, home.swbell.net, www.victorianturkishbath.org, viewfinder.english-heritage.org.uk, www.made-in-sheffield.com, www.stannington.webitsmart.co.uk, www.georgedawson.homestead.com, http://freespace.virgin.net/chris.vickers/theco.htm, http://north.iwm.org.uk, http://collections.iwm.org.uk, www.answers.com ]
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